General anesthesia in dentistry
General anesthesia can be used in dentistry due to the special condition of the patient or the scope of treatment. These methods are often used, for example, in children, in mentally handicapped patients, or in patients with dental phobia. Apart from that, it is also applied in a very long-term, extensive surgical interventions.
General anesthesia is the process by which an anesthesiologist with expertise in this area performs a controlled, unconscious and painless operation of the patient. Anesthesia is started with drugs given in the form of gas or injection. When the planned treatment is over, the medicine is stopped and the patient starts to wake up. The vital values of the patient during the procedure are constantly monitored by the general anesthesiologist. For this reason, general anesthesia can be performed in an anesthetic center with adequate safety precautions and adequate equipment, not in dental practice.
Dental treatments that can be performed under general anesthesia;
- Implant dental applications
- 20 tooth extraction
- Milk and permanent tooth fillings
- Milk and permanent dental canal treatments
- Milk and permanent dental amputations
- Milk and permanent tooth extraction
- Surgical procedures
- Protective treatments
- Milk and permanent tooth crown restorations
In which situations is general anesthesia preferred in dentistry?
In patients with mental disabilities
In patients with physical disability that may negatively affect treatment
In fearful and worried patients
Unacceptable age for treatment in young children
In special surgical procedures
How safe is dental treatment under general anesthesia?
With modern anesthesia techniques and experienced anesthesia team, the risk is very low. Performing minor operative procedures, such as dental treatment, under general anesthesia is not a common risk, especially for healthy individuals without any systemic disease.
What is the necessity of dental treatment under general anesthesia in pediatric dentistry?
One of the common health problems in childhood is tooth decay. Pain caused by tooth decay can reach very serious consequences in children. Weight loss and indirect development problems can occur in children due to increased pain, especially when eating. Concentrated toothache can cause sleep disorders in children and indirectly concentration problems during the day. Tooth decay, which leads to problems that can also affect the success of school children, needs to be treated as early as possible. Treatment of rotten milk teeth and resulting tooth loss; resulting in an increased cost and a lower quality of life.
Therefore; children with physical or mental disabilities are better able to undergo general anesthesia for children who are young enough to be young enough to have adequate communication despite having many dental treatments to be done in anxious children who have had a bad experience before and can not be persuaded.