Dental prostheses are artificial teeth made to replace original teeht missing. The goal of dental prostheses is to restore both the chewing function of the patient and the aesthetic appearance of the teeth.
Dental prostheses are divided into two main groups as movable prosthesis and fixed prosthesis according to their restraint properties. We can give partial prosthesis, total prosthesis, sensitive restorative prosthesis for moving prosthesis. Among fixed prostheses, we can also show examples of crowns and bridges fixed on the patient’s own intact teeth. Among the most popular treatments of recent years, mobile and fixed prostheses can be used in implant therapies. Here you can find the article that we have examined separately under the title of implant prostheses.
Moving prostheses are the type of prosthesis that the patient can attach and remove by self-retaining using the teeth adjacent to the toothless side of the patient’s teeth. It is a method of referral where complete or partial elimination of teeth is not possible. They are also categorized as Total dental prosthesis, partial dental prosthesis and sensitive dental prosthesis.
The total prosthesis known as “palate” among the people is a structure that is applied in the complete absence of the teeth, which will hold the upper and lower palates of the patient.
Partial and sensitive retaining prostheses are partial prosthesis prostheses which are applied to the teeth adjacent to the toothless region with hooks or sensitive holders and can be inserted and removed by the patient.
The pedestal (base) parts of moving dentures are made of acrylic material in gum color. When used in more total dentures, when a stronger base structure is needed, a metal skeleton is placed into the acrylic base called “cage”. Teeth can also be produced from acrylic or porcelain. You can read our article here to get more detailed information about removable dentures.
Fixed prostheses are bridges that are used as the feet of the tooth adjacent to the toothless area of the patient’s mouth, or crown sticks on the problematic tooth. Bridges and crowns, restraint, chewing function and aesthetics are more than moving prosthesis. Because it is fixed by sticking to real teeth, patient can chew more comfortably. In addition, dental prostheses made from materials such as porcelain, zirconium provide an aesthetic appearance that is indistinguishable from real teeth.
Full porcelain, zirconium plating and bridges, lamine veneers and IPS E.max systems are sub-groups of the fixed prosthesis class, with a range of aesthetic tooth treatments examined. You can access our articles about esthetic dental treatments here.
If you have the choice, we definitely recommend fixed prostheses. However, in some patients it is not possible to apply a fixed prosthesis for reasons such as systemic diseases, bone erosion, hypertension. In these cases your dentist will be forced to move you to a moving prosthesis. Moving dentures can be used for many years with careful production and good care and cleaning, even if fixed dentures are not kept as chewing and speaking comfort.
Here we compare the advantages and disadvantages of the dental prosthesis to the current dental prosthesis prices. Here you can find detailed information on the implant prosthetics here.
We wish that you do not need dental prosthesis at all …